PALEOCLIMATIC CONTEXT, ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN THE CENTRAL BRAZILIAN PLAINS: CASE STUDY OF THE MACAÚBA I SITE

Julio Cezar Rubin de Rubin, Rosiclér Theodoro da Silva, Maira Barberi, Maria Eloisa Cardoso da Rosa

Resumo


This article presents a bibliographic review related to palaeoclimatic aspects of the Central Brazilian High Plains, the environmental dynamics and formation of the archaeological record of the Macaúba I litho-ceramic archaeological site in the Central Brazilian High Plains, excavated in artificial levels and sampling. The results obtained indicate the presence of lithic flakes on the surface and subsurface associated with Cambisols, Litholic Neosols and Plinthosols, reaching a depth of 40 and 50 cm, related to the 2BC horizon of Cambisols. Based on the distribution of the lithic material, two hypotheses were devised for the formation of the archaeological record, where the dynamics of the landscape plays a major role, particularly in relation to establishing moments of occupation at the site. Hypothesis 1 is related to the evolution of the landscape, while Hypothesis 2 is based on the vertical migration of the lithic material.

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1) UnG - Universidade Guarulhos 2) Indexador: Latindex 3) Indexador: Dialnet